she dating the gangster sa wattpad - How does radioactive dating help determine the age of fossils

If a fossil is found between two layers of rock whose ages are known, the fossil's age is thought to be between those two known ages.Because rock sequences are not continuous, but may be broken up by faults or periods of erosion, it is difficult to match up rock beds that are not directly adjacent.

how does radioactive dating help determine the age of fossils-13

How does radioactive dating help determine the age of fossils

All ordinary matter is made up of combinations of chemical elements, each with its own atomic number, indicating the number of protons in the atomic nucleus.

Additionally, elements may exist in different isotopes, with each isotope of an element differing in the number of neutrons in the nucleus.

How do scientists know the bones are really 68 million years old?

Today's knowledge of fossil ages comes primarily from radiometric dating, also known as radioactive dating.

There are several different methods for estimating the ages of fossils, including: Paleontologists rely on stratigraphy to date fossils.

Stratigraphy is the science of understanding the strata, or layers, that form the sedimentary record.

The layers of sedimentary rock, or strata, can be seen as horizontal bands of differently colored or differently structured materials exposed in this cliff.

The deeper layers are older than the layers found at the top, which aids in determining the relative age of fossils found within the strata. Such index fossils must be distinctive, globally distributed, and occupy a short time range to be useful.

So in order to date most older fossils, scientists look for layers of igneous rock or volcanic ash above and below the fossil.

Scientists date igneous rock using elements that are slow to decay, such as uranium and potassium.

Only hard parts, like bones and teeth, can become fossils.

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